North Central

Snap Beans With Enhanced Nitrogen-Use Efficiency for Organic Production -Year 1

The snap bean is a vegetable in the Fabaceae family and does have the capacity to fix atmospheric nitrogen through a symbiotic relationship with Rhizobium spp. Historically, easy access to nitrate-based soil amendments at a relatively low cost has precluded the need to develop cultivars with improved nitrogen-use efficiency (NUE). Excessive fertilizer applications containing 40 to over 100 lbs. of N / acre have resulted in leaching and the contamination of ground and surface water.

Developing "Organic-Ready" Maize Populations with Gametophytic Incompatibility Year III

The purpose of this five-year breeding project is to reduce transgenic contamination of organic maize grown in the USA by maintaining the integrity of organic maize seed.  Organic farmers are not required to produce transgene-free crops, but they must plant seed that is free of transgene.  An important objective of this project is the education of seed producers and organic farmers on how to use these “Organic-Ready” varieties for reducing the incidence of transgenic contamination. 

Developing “Organic-Ready” Maize Populations with Gametophytic Incompatibility Year 2

The purpose of this five-year breeding project is to reduce transgenic contamination of organic corn grown in the USA by introducing genes that do not accept pollen from other corn varieties—including genetically modified varieties--into a number of modern corn populations. Thirty-seven populations and lines are currently in the development pipeline.

Minnesota Reports Provide Real-World Data on Organic Farm Performance

Summary

Project title: Organic Farm Performance in Minnesota Report
Coordinator: Meg Moynihan, Minnesota Dept. of Agriculture, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Stakeholder location: Minnesota and greater U.S.

Midwest Apple Producers Receive Season-long Mentoring Via Conference Calls

Summary

The Apple Grower Hour

Coordinator: Lisa DiPietro, The Wisconsin Eco Apple Project, University of Wisconsin Center for Integrated Agricultural Systems
Stakeholders: Eastern U.S. and in particular Upper Midwest organic apple producers

Midwest Study Highlights Viability of Organic Certified Potato Seed Production

Summary

Investigator: Amy Charkowski, Dept. of Plant Pathology, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Project location: Wisconsin
Project stakeholders: Midwest organic potato producers

Developing web resources for organic production in high tunnels

Summary

Investigator: Kimberly Williams, Dept. of Horticulture, Forestry and Rec. Res., Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS
Project location: Kansas

Bilingual farmer training and mentorship program

Summary

Investigator: Linda Barnes, Marshalltown Community College, Marshalltown, IA
Project location: Iowa

Midwest Breeding Project Aims for Cold-Tolerant Sweet Corn

Summary

Investigator: William F. Tracy, Dept. of Agronomy, University of Wisconsin,
Madison, WI
Project locations: Wisconsin, Minnesota

Participatory plant breeding to improve sweet corn for organic farmers

In the upper Midwest, fresh market sweet corn is an important part of many diversified organic vegetable operations. Many organic farmers consider sweet corn crucial for attracting customers to their market stands or to their CSAs.

Optimizing mulch and fertilizer use in organic blueberries

Summary

Investigator: Eric Hanson, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI
Project location: southwestern Michigan and north central Indiana

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